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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Initial submissions can follow any format the is comprehensible for the reviewers.

Physiologica is published in an online-only format.


Physiologica publishes original contributions to physiology and related sciences such as pharmacology and biochemistry, provided the physiological relevance is evident either from the title, the content of the article or an explanatory statement by the author. The journal welcomes submission of original papers and reviews by authors from throughout the world. No affiliation to a Scandinavian institution is required. Examination of all submitted papers by at least two well-respected specialists guarantees a high scientific standard of the papers accepted for publication.

Electronic submission

When preparing typescripts for submission, authors should follow the style of the journal. Submissions should be made online at OJS. Authors will need their entire manuscript in a digital format (text, tables and figures) plus a user ID and password, which can be obtained by visiting the site. Any number of files and file types can be uploaded but authors are reminded that not all users will have access to specific software. Figures should be TIFF, EPS or PDF. For guidance on submitting electronic artwork please (click here).

All manuscripts must be accompanied by a valid email address.


Manuscripts must be written in English. Revision of the language is not the responsibility of the editor, and manuscripts otherwise acceptable but written in incorrect English will be returned for language revision. British spellings should be used for haemoglobin, anaemia, etc., and 'z' spellings for characterize, categorize, etc., but not for dialyse, analyse, etc.


Manuscripts must be word-processed, single-spaced throughout on one side of standard A4 paper. All pages should be correctly numbered at the top right hand corner, beginning with the title page. The manuscript should include the following:

  • Title page with the author's name, department, university and country. A short title not exceeding 40 letters and spaces should be included. The name, full address, telephone numbers and an e-mail address of the author to whom proofs are to be sent should be given on the title page. The title of the paper should be as informative as possible and must not include abbreviations and symbols.
  • Abstract page with and abstract not exceeding 250 words in length. The abstract should describe briefly and concisely the aim of the investigation, the methods used, the results including quantitative figures and the conclusions drawn. Novel aspects and physiological relevance should be emphasized. Do not use abbreviations in the abstract. Up to six keywords should be appended to the abstract in alphabetical order.
  • Introduction
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Materials and methods
  • Acknowledgements
  • Conflict of interest
  • References
  • Tables with their headings
  • Legends to figures
  • For online submission figures should be of sufficient quality to allow reasonable interpretation by editors and reviewers; publication quality images can either be provided at upload or with the final accepted manuscript.
  • Physiological relevance. The authors should point out the physiological relevance of the paper, if this is not clearly evident from the title or content of the article.


Appropriate statistical methods should be used to establish significance. When data deviate from a normal distribution, nonparametric tests should be used or transformation of data should be performed. When more than two simultaneous comparisons are made, ANOVA, multiple t-test or similar techniques (not Student's t-tests) should be employed. Authors are encouraged to seek professional advice. For further information see Altman D. G. et al., 1983. Statistical guidelines for contributions to Medical journals. Br Med J 286, 1489-1493.

Conflict of Interest

All submissions to Physiologica must include disclosure or all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest. If there are no conflicts of interest, authors should state that there are none.


We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

The number of references should be restricted as much as possible. Observe the punctuation most carefully. Abbreviate journal titles according to the Index Medicus. References to books should include the editor(s), publisher and place of publication.

References should appear in the text as (Anderson et al., 2016) and listed at the end of the manuscript in alphabetical order. The reference style is the same as Acta Physiologica:

  1. Example A, Secondly B, Thirdson C: An example of how to cite. Acta Physiologica (Oxford, England), 217: 311-324, 2016.
  2. Fourthfellow DE, Fifth FG: Pathophysiology of citing. In: The Brain, 5th ed., edited by Sixten HIJ, Philadelphia, Pounders, 2001, pp 2136–2148
  3. Sevenstead KL: Reference points in the normotensive ruminator. [Abstract]. Acta Physiologica (Oxford, England), 21: 4185, 2016.

References to material available on the World Wide Web can be given, but only if the information is available without charge to readers on an official site. Authors will be asked to provide electronic copies of the cited material for inclusion on the APH homepage at the discretion of the Editors. The format for citations is as follows:

After-Eight PLS (2014). How do taste buds function? (WWW document).


Figures should be submitted online with the original submission. These figures should be of sufficient quality for review. Publication quality images can be uploaded with the submission Figures must be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals.

Each figure should have a legend containing sufficient information to make the figure intelligible without reference to the text.

Figures should ideally be EPS (line art) or TIFF (photographs) files.

Further comments to the figures

  • Headings, symbols, histograms and the like should be identified in the figure and not in the figure legend. Unnecessary explanations or other distracting material should be avoided in figures.
  • In case where there are several parts to a figure, please label them in lower case in parentheses, e.g. (a), (b), etc., preferably in the upper left corner inside figure.
  • Axes should be labelled centrally with an initial capital followed by all lower case letters.
  • Vertical labelling on the vertical axis.
  • Axis units should follow the labelling in parentheses.

Electronic Artwork

We would like to receive your artwork in electronic form. Please save vector graphics (e.g. line artwork) in Encapsulated Postscript Format (EPS), and bitmap files (e.g. half-tones) in Tagged Image File Format (TIFF). Ideally, vector graphics that have been saved in metafile (.WMF) or pict (.PCT) format should be embedded within the body of the text file.

Tables should be provided single-spaced on separate pages. Each table should have only three dividing lines – to separate the titles and data. (No vertical rules should be used.) Tables should ideally be created in a word processor table editor. Avoid including multiple data in single table cells.


In-line equations should be typed as text. The use of graphics programs and 'equation editors' should be with care.

Supporting Information

Physiologica gives authors the opportunity to include data that would be inappropriate or impractical to include in the article itself. These data may substantially enhance the importance of the research and may also be of benefit to readers. Authors are encouraged to include data such as videos, 3-D structures/images and any other supporting information. All supporting information must be submitted with the original manuscript.

Genomic and/or Proteomic high-throughput studies

High-throughput data (genomic or proteomic, e.g. microarrays or next-generation sequencing) must comply with the Minimum Information About a Microarray Experiment (MIAME) criteria. Editors and reviewers must be able to access the data at the time of submission, e.g. through the provision of a GEO (, ArrayExpress ( or CYBEX ( accession number. Upon acceptance, data must be publicly available, and no more amendments to the data must be made.

Guidelines for Nucleic Acid and Protein Sequence reporting
If a manuscript reports novel protein or nucleotide sequences, authors are requested to, prior to submission, upload the sequence information to GenBank (, EMBL (, or the DNA Databank of Japan ( and provide an accession number in the manuscript upon submission. Upon acceptance, data must be publicly available, and no more amendments to the data must be made.

Clinical Trial Registration
Clinical trials are studies that prospectively assign human beings to either intervention/treatment or control groups, usually to report clinical/health-related outcomes. All clinical trials must, prior to subject enrolment, be registered in a public clinical trials registry. Trial identification numbers and registry URLs must be provided in the manuscript. Appropriate clinical trials registries provide, free of charge, public information on the trial and are managed by independent not-for-profit providers, examples include ISRCTN (, UMIN-CTR (, Australian-New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (, Nederlands Trial Registry (, a primary register of WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform ( or .

Ethical Approval

Animal experiments

Papers describing animal experiments on vertebrates can be accepted for publication only if the procuration of animals, the husbandry and the experiments conform to the 'European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals used for Experimental and other Scientific Purposes' (Council of Europe No 123, Strasbourg 1985). Equally important is an appropriate definition of the animals used, i.e., genetics, control of homeostatic influences, nutrition and health status.

Human experiments

All papers describing experiments on human subjects must include a statement that the experiments were performed with the written informed consent of each subject. With regard to this the editors wish to draw the attention of authors to the Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) according to the revision valid at the time of data acquisition. A statement of approval by the Official Ethics Committee is required.

Reporting Guidelines

Physiologica requires, if applicable to the study format reported in the manuscript, adherence to current reporting guidelines, as given by the EQUATOR Network, an international initiative that seeks to improve reliability and value of medical research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting of research studies.


Physiologica will consider for review articles previously available as preprints on non-commercial servers such as ArXiv, bioRxiv, psyArXiv, SocArXiv, engrXiv, etc. Authors may also post the submitted version of their manuscript to non-commercial servers at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.

Data Sharing

Physiologica expects that data supporting the results in the paper will be archived in an appropriate public repository. Authors are required to provide a data availability statement to describe the availability or the absence of shared data. When data have been shared, authors are required to include in their data availability statement a link to the repository they have used, and to cite the data they have shared. Whenever possible the scripts and other artefacts used to generate the analyses presented in the paper should also be publicly archived. Exceptions may be granted at the discretion of the editor for sensitive information such as human subject data or the location of endangered species. Authors are expected to provide a data accessibility statement, including a link to the repository they have used, to accompany their paper. See the Standard Templates for Author Use to select an appropriate data availability statement for your dataset.

Abbreviations and terminology

Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and, if not internationally accepted, defined at first mention. Do not use abbreviations in the abstract. Unnecessary abbreviations make reading difficult. Quantities and units should be expressed according to the recommendations of the Système International d'Unités (SI), although certain non-SI units are permissible.

Authorship and Originality

The manuscript must be accompanied by a covering letter, where each author attests that: 1) the manuscript is not under consideration elsewhere and that the research reported will not be submitted for publication elsewhere until a final decision is made by Physiologica as to the acceptability of the manuscript; 2) the manuscript represents original work without fabrication, fraud or plagiarism; and 3) he/she takes full responsibility for the content of the manuscript. The corresponding author may sign on behalf of all authors, but by doing so attests that all coauthors agree to the terms and responsibilities outlined above.

All individuals mentioned in the Acknowledgements should have given written permission to the corresponding author to do so, available upon request.

It is not acceptable to withdraw a submitted manuscript that is under review.

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